Category Archives: Temples

18Jun/17
srikalahasti

Sri Kalahastheeswara Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Srikalahasthi

Srikalahasthi Temple History

Srikalahastheeswaraswamivari Temple is one of the most ancient and historical Saivet temple in India. This temple was constructed by the Chola King, Rajendra Chola . Vayu is incarnated as Lord Shiva and worshipped as Kalahasteeswara. Goddess Parvathi devi is worshiped here as Gnanaprasunambika. Continue reading

18Jun/17
annavaram-temple

Sri Veeravenkata Satyanarayana Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Annavaram

Annavaram Temple History

Annavaram is one of the most famous Holy Shrines in India and enjoying second place after Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh. The temple is built in the Dravidian style. The glory and richness of Lord SATYADEVA was widely described in Revakhanda of Skandapuranam. Continue reading

17Jun/17
dwaraka-tirumala-temple

Sri Venkateswra Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Dwaraka Tirumala

Dwaraka Tirumala Temple History

This pilgrimage center is called “Dwaraka Tirumala” after the great saint, “Dwaraka” who located the self manifested idol of Lord “Sri Venkateswara” after severe penance in a ‘Valmikam’ (ant hill). The devotees call Sri Venkateswara as Kaliyuga Vaikunta Vasa. This place is also called “Chinna Tirupati”.

dwaraka-tirumala-temple-2

As per Sastras North Indian rivers like Ganges and Yamuna are considered to be more and more holy as they go up to the origin and south Indian rivers like Krishna and Godavari are more and more holy as they go down the river to its mouth to the Sea. It is why there are numerous shrines and holy bathing ghats, at close intervals, on both sides of the great grand rivers Krishna and Godavari in their lower regions. The region covered by our Dwaraka Tirumala is commanding the top most conspicuous position in India, being garlanded by these two great Indian rivers Krishna and Godavari, as pointed out by Brahma Purana.

The devotees who wish to go and offer their donations, or tonsures or any other offerings to Lord Venkateswara, Lord of Tirumala Tirupati, called as “Pedda Tirupati”, due to some reason, if they are unable to go there, they can offer their donations, prayers and worship in Dwaraka Tirumala temple. Dwaraka Tirumala is a famous temple from the ancient times. According to some Puranas, the temple is popular even in Kruta yuga and is still attracting the devotees. According to Brahma Purana, Aja Maharaja, the Grand father of Lord Sri Rama also worshiped Lord Venkateswara for his marriage. On his way to the ‘Swayamvaram’ of Indumati, he passed by the temple. He did not offer prayers in the temple. The bride Indumati garlanded him, but he had to face a battle with the kings who came to the Swayamvaram. He realized that the battle was thrust on him for ignoring the temple on the way. After realizing this, Aja Maharaja prayed to the Lord Venkateswara. Suddenly the kings stopped the battle.It is a great wonder to see two main idols under one Vimana Sikharam. One idol is a full and complete statue. The other is a half statue of the upper portion of the form of the Lord. The upper potion of the form is a self-manifested idol located by Sage “Dwaraka”. The saints of the yore felt the prayers to the Lord are not complete without worshipping His holy feet. So, the saints joined together and installed a full statue behind the self-manifested idol, to worship the feet of the Lord according to Vaikhanasa Agamam.It is believed that the prayers to the smaller statue of the Lord will lead to Moksha, and the big form stands for Dharma, Artha and Kama. The Tiru kalyanotsavam is celebrated twice a year. One for the self-manifested idol in the month of “Vaisakha” and the other for the installed idol in the month of “Aswayuja”.

Website @ http://www.apendowments.gov.in/dwarakatirumala/

17Jun/17
simha-chalam-temple

Sri Varahalakshmi Narasimha Swamy Vari Devasthanam, Simhachalam

Simhachalam Temple History

Simhachalam Sthala Puranam

The local Sthala purana contains a mythical account of the foundation of the Temple which relates to the well-known story of the demon King Hiranya-Kasyapa and his son Prahlada. Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksha who are brothers and mighty demon lords bent upon disturbing the peace of the world.

Hiranyaksha, seized the earth and carried it to neither regions. Lord Vishnu killed him and delivered the earth from the clutches of the demon by assuming the Boar incarnation (Varaha Avatara). Hiranyakasipu wanted to avenge the death of his brother Hiranyaksha. He wanted to become immortal and hence performed austerities (tapasya) to propitiate Lord Brahma. However, Lord Brahma said that was not possible so Hiranyakasipu asked Lord Brahma to grant him a boon so that he could not be killed by either animal or a man neither in the morning nor in the night, by any weapons, neither in sky nor on the earth. Hiranyakasipu wanted the entire world to worship him. He added to his might the power of penance and began to punish the gods and sages, the devotees of Lord Vishnu.

Son of Hiranyakasipu, named Prahalada became a devotee of Vishnu even from his birth and thus brought upon himself the wrath of his father. Hiranyakasipu tried to mend the ways of his son, but when he found him to be adamant, made him undergo severe hardships. He made the elephants trample over him and set poisonous snakes against him. Prahalada, protected as he was by divine grace, stood firm Hiranyakasipu as a last resort, asked his servants to throw his son into the sea and place huge mountain over him. His servant choose to drop Prahalada in the sea near the mount Simhadri with a view to place the mountain over him. But before they could complete their act Lord Narayana rescued him by jumping over the hill and lifting up Prahalada from the sea. Simhadri is thus the place where the Lord rescued Prahalada.

The form of Varahanarasimha (Dwayavathara) was assumed by him, on the prayer of his devotee, Prahalada, who wanted to see both the incarnations of the Lord, the one by which he had already killed Hiranyakasha and the other by which he would kill Hiranyakasipu.

According to Stalapurana, Prahalada was the first person to construct a temple round the Deity. He accomplished this after his father’s death at the hands of Narasimha. But at the end of that life-cycle (Krita yuga), the temple was neglected and began to decay. Even the Deity was not taken care of and crests of earth slowly gathered round the image.

But, at the beginning of another life-cycle, the Lord once again was discovered by Emperor Pururava of the Lunar Dynasty. Pururava, with his spouse Urvasi, riding on an aerial chariot over the hills of the South, was drawn to Simhachalam by a mysterious power. He discovered the Lord on the hill lying imbedded in crests of earth. He cleared the earth around the image of the Lord. Then he was addressed by the akaasavani not to expose the image but cover it with sandal paste. It also added that the Lord should be worshipped in this form, and only once in a year, on the third day in the month of Vaisakha his nijaswarupa can be revealed. Acting under the instructions of akaasavani, king pururava applied over the image an amount of sandalwood paste which is equal to the mud he had removed, worshipped the deity, and built the temple once again around the image. The temple continued to flourish ever since.

Simhachalam History

The exact age of the temple is not known, but it contains an inscription, dated as far back as 1098-99 A.D. of the Chola king Kulottunga-I, who conquered the Kalinga territories, and it must thus have been a place of importance even by that period. Another inscription shows that a queen of the Velanandu chief Gonka III (1137-56)covered the image with gold a third says that the Eastern Ganga king Narasimha.

I built the central shrine,the mukhamandapam,the natyamandapam, and the enclosing verandah in black stone in the later half of 13th century and other grants inscribed on its walls (the Government Epigraphist’s lists for 1899 give not less than 125 such inscriptions) make it a regular repository of the history of the district.

The Simhachalam temple still contains in inscriptions left here by Sri krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagara empire recounting his successes and relating how he and his queen presented the yod with necklace of 991 pearls and other costly gifts.

Architecturally the temple apparently deserves high praise. This temple contain a square shrine surmounted by a high tower, a portico in front with a smaller tower above it, a square sixteen pillared mandapam (called the mukhamandapam) facing this, and an enclosing verandah, all made of dark granite richly and delicately carved with conventional and floral ornament and scenes from the Vaishnavite puranas. Some of the carvings are mutilated (by Muhammadan conquerors, it is said). One of the pillars is called the kappa stambham or ‘tribute pillar’. It is credited with great powers of curing diseases and granting children. In the verandah is a stone car with stone wheels and prancing stone horses.

Outside this inner enclosure there is the excellent natyamandapam on the north side of the temple, where the god’s marriage is performed. This is supported by 96 pillars of black stone, arranged in sixteen rows of six each, which are more delicately carved than any others in the temple, are all different in the details of their design, and yet avoid incongruity of effect by adhering to one general type – especially in their capitals, which are usually of the inverted – lotus shape.

The deity is kept covered with an unctuous preparation of sandal paste. Once a year i.e, on akshaya thritheeya day (3rd day of Vaisakhamasam) this sandal paste will be removed in a ceremony at the festival called Chandanayatra (Chandanotsavam) and Nija roopa darsanam of Swamy Vari will be provided to devotees. It is the most important festival in this temple.

Website @ http://simhachalamdevasthanam.net/home.html

17Jun/17
srisailam-temple

Sri Brahmaramba Mallikarjuna Swamy Devasthanam, Srisailam

Srisailam Temple History

Srisailam played a dominant role in our religious, cultural and social history from ancient times.The epigraphical evidence reveals that the history of Srisailam begins with the Sathavahanas who were the first empire builders in South India. The earliest known historical mention of the Hill – Srisailam, can be traced in Pulumavi’s Nasik inscription of 1st Century A.D.The Sathavahanas, the Ikshavakus, the Pallavas, the Vishnukundis, the Chalukyas, the Kakatiyas, the Reedy Kings, the Vijayanagara Emperors and Chatrapathi Shivaji are among the famous emperors who worshipped God Mallikarjuna Swamy.

Prataparudra of Kakatiya Dynasty strived a lot for the improvements of this Kshetram and granted Paraganas for its maintenance. Ganapathideva has spent 12000 Golden Nanyas for the maintenance of the temple. The period of Reddi Kings is the ‘Golden Age’ of Srisailam that almost all rulers of the dynasty did celebrated service for this temple.

In 14th Century Prolaya Vema Reddi of Reddy Dynasty constructed stepped path-way to Srisailam and Pathalaganga (Here the river Krishna is called as Pathalaganga) and Anavema Reddi constructed Veera Siromandapam in which the Veerasaiva devotees cut off their hands, tongue, limbs with devotion to attain the realisation of the God. This practice is known as Veeracharam. The Second Harihararaya of Vijayanagara Empire constructed the Mukhamantapam of Swamy shrine and also a Gopuram on Southern Side of the temple. In the 15th Century Sri Krishnadevaraya Constructed the Rajagopuram on Eastern side and Salumantapas on both sides of the temple. The last Hindu King who strove hard for the improvement of the temple is Chatrapathi Shivaji who constructed a Gopuram on northern side in the year 1667 A.D.

The prominence of this Divya Kshetram is highlighted by the fact that while performing our daily household rituals we specify place and location of our existence with reference to Srisailam. According to Agni Puranam, in the Krithayuga the Demon King Hiranyakasyapa did penance at the Kshetram and worshipped God Mallikarjuna Swamy.

Website : http://www.apendowments.gov.in/srisailam/

17Jun/17
mopidevi-temple-1

Mopidevi Sthala Puranam

Mopidevi Sthala Puranam

mopidevi-sthala-puranam

Mopidevi Temple Gallery

17Jun/17
mopidevi-temple-1

Mopidevi Temple History

Mopidevi History

The Mopidevi temple is situated at a distance of nearly 70 km’s from Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh. It is well connected by buses and trains from many parts of the country. Four Deva Rishis viz., Sankara, Sanakasa, Sanatkumara, and Sanatsujata are known for their un-wavering devotion and saintly knowledge. They are immoral and always appear at the age of five years to others. They remained so detached from the awareness of worldly matters that they remain naked without covering their bodies. Once, they came to Kailas, the abode of Lord Shiva to worship Him. At the same time, Sachi Devi, Swaha Devi, Goddess Saraswathi and Goddess Lakshmi also arrived. Lord Subrahmanyeswara was sitting in the lap of his mother Goddess Parvathi by that time. Lord Subrahmanyeswara as a child was bewildered at the two contrasts of fully clad Gods and Goddesses on one hand and the nude Deva rishis on the other. He giggled innocently in a childish way. Goddess Parvathi chided Lord Subrahmanyeswara for his folly. Later, Lord Subrahmanyeswara realised his lapse and took permission to do penance to get rid of the blemish. Lord Subrahmanyeswara did the penance in disguise, in the form of a snake for many years and successfully cleansed Himself of his folly. The place where Lord Subrahmanyeswara did penance later came to be known as ‘Mopidevi’.

Mopidevi Temple History

According to holy texts, Vindhya Mountain, at one time became overconfident of its strength and began to grow upwards. It went up to the planet Ravi. With this, darkness surmounted all over and all mortals and immortals including every flora and fauna suffered in darkness.Gods prayed to Sage Agasthya to somehow humble the Vindhya Mountain. Sage Agasthya is known to have attained divine powers through severe penance. He was staying in Varanasi at that time. He, accepted the request of Devas, Sage Agasthya started towards the mountain Vindhya from Northern India. Vidhya Mountain is the boarder between North India and South India. Knowing in advance about the arrival of Sage Agasthya, the Vindhya Mountain humbled himself to the lowest level so as to give way to the sage. While crossing the Vindhya Mountain, Sage Agasthya has taken promise from Vindhyaa to be in humbled state till he returns from his tour of Southern India. But the sage did not return. He settled in South India. Waiting for ages together, Vidhya Mountain remained humbled even today.

Sage Agasthya along with his retinue had the occasion to pass through the place, where Lord Subrahmanyeswara did severe penance. He identified the place and said that this area is covered by Tigers and from here if we go towards the Eastern direction, one can find the divine temple of Lord Kumaraswamy known as Subrahmanyeswara. By visiting this temple with devotion, one can get earning all through the life and also attain salvation. It is pertinent to note that the presiding deity of Vijayawada Kanaka Durga rides on Tiger.

Lord Subrahmanyeswara is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi. While Lord Subrahmanyeswara was in her womb, Goddess Parvathi could not bear the power of the foetus and hence transferred the same to Ganga Devi. Ganga also could not bear the power of the foetus and hence the foetus slipped into the reed grass. Six female minor deities called Krittika took care of the embryo. Imbibing the strengths of both Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi, Lord Subrahmanyeswara was born in the the month of Margasiramasam on Shashti day of waxing Moon with six heads, twelve hands, lot of brilliance, luster and the radiance of Sun. Devotees specially worship Lord Subrahmanyeswara on the days of Ashada Sukla Panchami, Naga Panchami, Nagaula Chaviti and Shashti.

Pujas for Rahu and Ketu are performed regularly at Mopidevi Temple. Devotees get tonsured as part of fulfilment of their vow. Some get their children’s ears bored to get relief from Sarpa Dosha. Women who want children make a cradle with a new Saree and hang it on the sacred tree here. People who want to get married soon offer Pongal made of rice and jaggery. People suffering from poor sight, ear ailments, skin diseases, lack of progeny due to previous births’ and misdeeds etc., get relief by worshiping Lord Subrahmanyeswara in Mopidevi. In particular, natives who are suffering from Sarpa dosha, Rahu-Ketu dosha and Anapathya Dosha worship of Mopidevi Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy will be highly beneficial.

How To Reach Mopidevi Temple

Mopidevi is well connected with Road route

  • BY AIR : Nearest airport is Gannavaram, Andhra Pradesh. From Gannavaram one can choose to travel by Bus or by hiring a private taxi.
  • BY TRAIN : Nearest railway station is Repalle railway station..
  • BY ROAD : Mopidevi is in the Vijayawada-Avanigadda roadline. There are number of buses from Vijayawada to Avanigadda. It takes around two hours from Vijayawada in bus via kankipadu, vuyyuru,pamarru and challapalli. Vijayawada-Nagayalanka buses also go through Mopidevi. Alternatively, share autos are available from Repalle railway station directly to Mopidevi temple. It takes hardly 20–30 minutes (since the penumudi bridge is opened in 2006). This is the best option for those who prefer Train (Guntur/Tenali to Repalle) over bus.

Mopidevi Temple Pooja Timings

  • Morning – 5.30 am – 1.00 pm
  • Evening – 4.00 pm – 8.00 pm

Mopidevi Temple Gallery:

For more details : http://www.mopidevitemple.org